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By Norman Manzon
God the Son is one study of a compendium of extensive and detailed biblical expositions of the doctrinal statement of The Association of Messianic Congregations. All studies that that the Compendium currently contains, plus more, may be accessed by clicking the links in sequence on the Site Map or the Home Page.
The AMC's doctrinal statement on God the Son reads as follows:
Let's look to the Scriptures to substantiate each claim contained therein. As much as possible, we'll draw our proofs from the Tanach, the Hebrew Scriptures:
Does the Tanach declare a God the Son? Isaiah 9:6: For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Would the great prophet Isaiah dare declare that a humanly born son would be called Mighty God and Everlasting Father (or Father of eternity) were it not so? Obviously not. It is clear, then, that Scripture declares a human God the Son. It is also clear from the son's titles and that the government shall be upon his shoulder, that this God the Son is also Messiah.
Became implies that God the Son pre-existed His human birth. Does Scripture support this?
This passage is also clearly Messianic and is called by the Son a decree. The decree contains the declaration by the LORD,
You are My
Son. By this declaration, God the Father addresses the Messianic God the Son of Isaiah 9:6 as My son. So we see that the Messianic God the Son is also the Messianic Son of God. This decree of God is from eternity past, and it is from eternity past that God the Father conversed with God the Son. It is plain, then, that the Messianic God the Son pre-existed His human birth.
The four main claims in this section that are as yet unaddressed are that the Son became flesh . . .
I'll begin with the second claim in order to lay a foundation for the others.
This most amazing and detailed prophecy of Isaiah was written 700 years before the birth of Yeshua: Isaiah 53:1-11.
Let's look at it once again, but with a little exegesis: Isaiah 53:1-11:
1. Who has believed our report? Truly, until this day, many Jews do not believe this report - but not for biblical reasons.
2. For He [Messiah] comes up before Him [God His Father] as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground - that is, as a little shoot proceeding from a tree stump. Yeshua was of David's royal line; but He was from a poor family in a nation oppressed by the Roman Empire; He has no form nor majesty that we should see Him, nor an appearance that we should desire Him.
3. He is despised and rejected of men; a Man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as it were a hiding of faces from Him, He being despised, and we esteemed Him not - His own Jewish people, incited by their leaders, rejected Him to the uttermost.
4. Surely He has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
5. But He was wounded for our transgressions; He was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was on Him; and with His stripes we ourselves are healed.
The New Testament declares Yeshua's scourging and bruising: And when (Pilate) had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified (Matthew 27:26).
It also clearly declares a substitutionary suffering and death for sin, as does this Isaiah passage. 2 Corinthians 5:21: For he (God) hath made him sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
6. All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, each one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.
7. He was oppressed, and He was afflicted; yet He opened not His mouth. He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter; and as a sheep before its shearers is dumb, so He opened not His mouth.
When the Roman Governor, Pilate, interrogated Jesus, he said to Him, Do you not hear how many things they witness against you? And He did not answer him a word, so that the governor greatly marveled (Matthew 27:13-14).
8. He was taken from prison and from judgment; and who shall declare His generation [or, who could tell His fate]? For He was cut off out of the land of the living [killed]: for the transgression of My people He was stricken.
9. And He put His grave with the wicked - Hebrew scholars Keil and Delitzsch say that this phrase would be better translated, And they assigned Him His grave with sinners - and with a rich one in His death. Matthew 15:43-46 declares that a wealthy disciple of Jesus, Joseph of Arimathea, buried Jesus in his own tomb - although He had done no violence, nor was any deceit in His mouth. (2 Corinthians 5:21: "He . . . knew no sin.")
10 a. Yet it pleased the LORD to crush Him; to grieve Him; that He should put forth His soul as a guilt-offering.
This is the fulfillment of Leviticus 17:11: For the life of the flesh is in the blood. And I have given it to you on the altar to make an atonement for your souls. For it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul.
10 b. He [Messiah] shall see His seed [His spiritual descendants], He shall prolong His days [live a prolonged life], and the will of the LORD shall prosper in His hand.
11. He shall see the fruit of the travail of His soul. He shall be fully satisfied. By His knowledge shall My righteous Servant justify for many. - How can Messiah be killed and buried, and then see His future disciples, live a prolonged life, and prosper the LORD's work? There's only one possible answer: Resurrection. - and He shall bear their iniquities.
Now, to address the first, third and fourth claims:
I'll present a series of scriptures that together substantiate these claims: Luke 1:30-35.
Verse 31 affirms thatGod the Son was born in the person of Yeshua; verse 35, that He was conceived of the Spirit of God; and verses 30-31, that He would be born of... Miriam (Mary). That Mary was Jewish is brought out in verse 32 by the phrase by His father David. Verses 32 and 33 also make it plain that this Son was Messiah.
We still need to demonstrate that Miriam was a virgin and that Yeshua was of Nazareth.
Though Miriam was not named in the Tanach, a virgin birth is certainly prophesied there: Isaiah 7:14: So, the Lord Himself shall give you a sign. Behold, the virgin will conceive and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call His name Immanuel.
According to the passage, the birth of the son would be a sign, a telltale miracle, that miracle being,the virgin will conceive and shall bring forth a son. In addition, Immanuel, meaning God with Us, is expressive of His dual divine and human nature.
Matthew 2:23.And he came and lived in a city called Nazareth, so that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, "He shall be called a Nazarene".
The verse speaks of Miriam's husband, Joseph, bringing Yeshua to Nazareth.He shall be called a Nazarene will not be found in the Tanach, but it summarizes an aspect of Yeshua's life that was prophesied in the Tanach that was, indeed, fulfilled in His life. (This method of summarizing portions of the Tanach, called "summation," is found elsewhere in the New Testament, as well.) In Yeshua's day, residents of Nazareth were looked down upon by other Jews, and so it was with Yeshua. He was looked down upon because He was of Nazareth but, more significantly, He was rejected by His own people who also delivered Him to pagans to be crucified. As Isaiah declared, He is despised and rejected of men; a Man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief; and as it were a hiding of faces from Him, He being despised, and we esteemed Him not (53:3). Indeed, Yeshua was a two-fold Nazarene: firstly, because . He was raised in Nazareth, and secondly, because He was despised and rejected of men because of His Messianic claims.
That Messiah would be simultaneously divine and human was intimated in Isaiah 7:14, which prophesied His virgin birth, and was made as plain as day in Luke 1:31, in which the angel tells Miriam,You shall conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call His name Yeshua.
And in verse 34:
The human virgin-born Yeshua was called that Holy One and Son of God.
The sinlessness of the prophesied Messiah's life is implicit in the Tanach. As we have seen, Isaiah 7:14 speaks of the future virgin bearing a Son namedImmanuel, God with Us; and Isaiah 9:6 declares that the Son will be given names that declare His deity: Mighty God and Everlasting Father (or Father of Eternity).
That God is sinless hardly needs to be proven; but what about the man Yeshua? Let's take a look at Luke 1:35, again: And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Spirit shall come on you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you. Therefore also that Holy One which will be born of you shall be called Son of God.
It is the flesh and blood baby of Miriam that is called that Holy One, meaning absolutely sinless in His very nature. Yeshua was not born with a sin nature, but with an absolutely holy nature, and this was accomplished by the overshadowing of God the Holy Spirit upon Miriam. And as to the actual outworking of this holy overshadowing in His life, Yeshua said to the scribes and Pharisees who had been dogging Him all of His ministry,Which of you convicts Me of sin? -(John 8:46)
John 3:1:And there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 He came to Yeshua by night and said to Him, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God; for no man can do these miracles which you do unless God is with him."
That Yeshua did miracles was a fulfillment of Messianic prophecies in the Tanach: Isaiah 35:4:
1 Corinthians 15:3:...Messiah died for our sins, according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures....
Among the scriptures referred to here is the prophecy of Psalm 16:10:For You will not leave My soul in hell; You will not allow Your Holy One to see bodily decay.
The Psalmist David would never refer to himself as Your Holy One, and his body has certainly undergone decay by now, three thousand years after his burial. Therefore, David could certainly not be prophesying of himself, but of the Son of David, the Messiah. He said, in essence, "The body of the Messiah, Your Holy One, would not suffer bodily decay because God would not leave My soul in hell (Sheol, the temporary abode of the dead)." In other words, "God will resurrect Me."
Act 1:9:And saying these things, as they watched, He was taken up. And a cloud received Him out of their sight. Romans 8:34: It is Messiah that died, but rather also was raised, who is at the right hand of God, who also makes intercession for us.
That Messiah is at the right hand of God is a fulfillment of prophecy. Psalm 110:1: ...the LORD said to my Lord, "Sit at My right hand until I place Your enemies as Your footstool."
David the Psalmist declared that the LORD, God the Father, said to David's Lord,Sit at My right hand until I place Your enemies as Your footstool. Who might David's Lord be? God prophetically bids this Lord of David to ascend to His right hand of power, and also promises to place all His enemies under His feet. Who else could God be speaking to other than Messiah?
That Messiah would return to earth after His ascension is not foreign to the Tanach, either. Hosea 5:15:I will go; I will return to My place until they confess their guilt and seek My face; in their affliction they will seek Me diligently.
It is obvious from the context that a divine Person is speaking as it is to Him that confession of guilt will be made, and it is His face whom they, Israel, will seek. This divine Person will return to His place, that is, Heaven, and then come again. Revelation 19:11-16 tells us that He will come again...
That the personage in this passage is Messiah Yeshua is evident from verse 13, in which He is called The Word of God. Let's look at John 1:1:In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.... 14 And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us. And we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and of truth.
The Wordof verse 1 became flesh, and dwelt among us. In other words, The Word, who had a divine pre-existence, was born a human. We've already seen Who that was: The Messianic Word of God of John 1 and Revelation 19:13: Yeshua.
Revelation 21:4:And God will wipe away all tears from their eyes. And there will be no more death, nor mourning, nor crying out, nor will there be any more pain; for the first things passed away. 5 And He sitting on the throne said, Behold, I make all things new.
These blessings were prophesied in the Tanach. Isaiah 61:1-3.
That the kingdom will last a millennium, a thousand years, is brought out in Revelation 20:4:And they lived and reigned with Messiah a thousand years.
Amen! Come, Lord Yeshua! (Revelation 22:20)
Attributes of God
God the Father
God the Son
God the Holy Spirit
God the Trinity
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God the Son